To check on the status of your submission, please visit Research's manuscript submissions site.
For general guidance on using the manuscript submission system, please read the tutorials for Authors, Editors, and Reviewers. For questions on specific functionality, explore the Editorial Manager video library.
The journal Research accepts submissions for original research articles, reviews, perspectives, and editorials. Prior to submission, each author should review and be prepared to fulfill the submission requirements outlined in the Publication Ethics page and comply with following limitations.
Research Articles should present a major advance and must include an abstract of up to 250 words, an introduction and sections with brief and informative subheadings. Authors may include up to six figures and/or tables and about 40 references. Total research article length should be under 10,000 words. Supplementary materials should be limited to information that is not essential for the general understanding of the research presented in the main text and can include data sets, figures, tables, videos or audio files. For ease in preparing your submission, please follow the manuscript templates in Word and LaTex.
Review Articles should describe and synthesize recent developments of significance and highlight future directions. Reviews must include an abstract, an introduction that outlines the main theme, brief subheadings and an outline of important unresolved questions. Reviews should be no longer than 8,000 words, although longer manuscripts will be considered. Authors may include up to six figures and/or tables and up to 100 references. Most reviews are solicited by the editors, but unsolicited submissions will be considered.
Perspectives highlight recent exciting research, but do not primarily discuss the author’s own work. They may provide context for the findings within a field or explain potential interdisciplinary importance. Perspectives that comment on papers in Research should add a dimension to the research and not merely be a summary of the experiments described in the paper. As these are meant to express a personal viewpoint, with rare exceptions, Perspectives should have no more than five authors. Perspectives should include an abstract, have no more than 1,000 words, one figure or table, and no more than 20 references.
Commentaries are short observations or discussions about findings that concern a current issue in the field. Commentaries should have no more than three authors, include an abstract, and have no more than 1,000 words and one figure or table.
Rapid Reports present ground-breaking developments or discoveries in the field. Submissions must include a short abstract (maximum of 150 words), no more than 10 references, and two data elements (any combination of figures or tables). Rapid Reports should be divided into an introduction, a combined results and discussion section, and a materials and methods section. Total length should be less than 1,000 words excluding the abstract, materials and methods, and references. Junior scientists are encouraged to contribute their exciting validated short advances for consideration as a Rapid Report.
Editorials are short, invited opinion pieces that discuss an issue of immediate importance to the research community. Editorials should have fewer than 1,000 words total, no abstract, a minimal number of references (no more than five) and no figures or tables. Editorials are solicited by the editors.
Interested in English language assistance prior to submission? The Science Partner Journals publishing team has evaluated the work of the companies listed on the SPJ Author Services page and found their services to be effective for editing scientific English language in manuscripts prior to submission.
Study design guidelines
In an ideal study, the following components will be specified before the initiation of the experiments. In the first portion of the Materials and Methods section, which should be titled Study Design, state how you have addressed each of these points (if applicable):
In addition, the Study Design section must describe how and why the study was conducted and how the data were collected. Specifically,
Statistical analysis guidelines
Generally, authors should describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the results.
Authors are encouraged to follow published standard reporting guidelines for the study discipline. Many of these guidelines can be found at the EQUATOR website.
Type of Study
Prognostic marker studies
Meta-analysis of observational studies in medicine
Systematic reviews and meta-analysis of health care interventions
Cohort and case-control studies
Genetic association studies
STROBE Extension STREGA
Tumor marker studies
Studies using biospecimens
Rodent model studies
Microarray-based studies for clinical outcomes
It is best to create your figures as vector-based files such as those produced by Adobe Illustrator. Vector-based files will give us maximum flexibility for sizing your figures properly without losing resolution. These figure files can be saved at a lower resolution to minimize the file size at initial submission.
Although we do not need the highest-resolution files for the initial submission, you will need to have these high-resolution files of your figures on hand so that they can be submitted with your revised manuscript for final publication production. Each figure or image must be in a separate editable file format at revision.
Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF), PostScript (PS), or Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) for illustrations or diagrams; Tagged Image File Format (TIFF), JPEG, PNG, PhotoShop (PSD), EPS, or PDF for photography or microscopy. Authors who have created their files using a drawing or painting program such as Macromedia Freehand, Adobe Illustrator, or Adobe Photoshop should export the files to one of the aforementioned formats (preferably PDF).
We cannot accept the following files:
In laying out information in a figure, the objective is to maximize the space given to presentation of the data. Avoid wasted white space and clutter.
Please follow these guidelines for your figures:
Please observe the following guidelines for labels on graphs and figures:
We prefer that the initial submission be uploaded to the electronic submissions site as a Word file (PDFs are acceptable if LaTex source files are used) that contains all components of the paper. Create a single file consisting of the text, references, figures and their legends, tables and their legends, and Supplementary Materials. Supplementary Materials that cannot be incorporated into a Word file must be sent to the Editorial Office separately.
Alternatively, you may upload your manuscript as one file that contains all of the textual material plus separate figure files (one for each figure) and separate Supplementary Material files. The text file should be a Word .docx (preferred) or .doc file (as stated before, PDFs are acceptable in the case of LaTex source files).
Please use zipped files when necessary to upload unusually large supplementary files.
See the guidelines above for creating and formatting your original figures. For initial submission, the figure files should be incorporated into the main text .doc or .docx file if possible. All figures should be cited in the manuscript in a consecutive order.
Tables should be cited consecutively in the text. Every table must have a descriptive title and if numerical measurements are given, the units should be included in the column heading. Vertical rules should not be used.
Text and figures. Include supporting text (including supplementary materials and methods, tables, and figures) at the end of the main manuscript file, in a separate section titled Supplementary Materials, if this can be easily done. Alternatively, Supplementary Materials can be included as a separate .docx file that can be uploaded. In that case, use one of the file types specified above (.doc or .docx preferred).
Video files. Acceptable formats for videos are MP4, AVI, MOV, MPEG, and WMV. Keep videos short and the display window small to minimize the file size of the video. Supply caption information with the videos. Edit longer sequences into several small pieces with captions specific to each video sequence.
Audio files. Please contact the editors regarding submission of such file types.
All manuscripts should be prepared according to the guidelines above and submitted via Editorial Manager by following the link to Submit Manuscript.
Additionally, if your manuscript is on bioRxiv, you can directly transfer it to our submission system.
Authors should submit papers to Research in Microsoft Word .docx format (preferred), .doc or LaTex format. To submit, authors should use the Research manuscript template, which will facilitate accurate preparation and processing. Please follow the guidelines in this document when formatting your manuscript.
The body text of research articles must include the following sections:
The following items are required for submission:
During manuscript submission, the submitting author will be asked to confirm their understanding of and compliance with Research's policies on:
There is only one reference list for all sources cited in the main text, figure and table legends, and Supplementary Materials. Do not include a second reference list in the Supplementary Materials section. Include references cited only in the Supplementary Materials at the end of the reference section of the main text; reference numbering should continue as if the Supplementary Materials are a continuation of the main text. References cited only in the Supplementary Materials section are not counted toward length guidelines.
Authors may submit their references in any style. If accepted, Research will reformat the references in the journal's style. Authors are responsible for ensuring that the information in each reference is complete and accurate.
List all authors by first initial(s) and last name. Do not use op. cit., ibid., 3-m dashes, en dashes, or et al. (in place of the complete list of authors' names).
For journals that do not use page number ranges use the article number.
All references should be numbered consecutively in the order of their first citation. Citations of references in the text should be identified using numbers in square brackets e.g., "as discussed by Liu "; "as discussed elsewhere [9, 10]". All references should be cited within the text and uncited references will be removed.
DOIs, if available, should be included for each reference.
Posted preprints may also be included in the References list with appropriate identification information and an independent persistent identifier such as a DOI.
For your information, our citation style is:
[n] Author surnames and initials. Article title in sentence style. Journal Title. Year;volume(issue):pp or article ID.
 Watson JD, Crick FHC. A structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid. Nature. 1953;171(4356):737-738.
 Sapolsky RM. Behave: The biology of humans at our best and worst. London (England): Penguin Books; 2017.
 Antani S, Long LR, Thoma GR, Lee DJ. Anatomical shape representation in spine x-ray images. Paper presented at: VIIP 2003. Proceedings of the 3rd IASTED International Conference on Visualization, Imaging and Image Processing; 2003 Sep 8–10; Benalmadena, Spain.
 Hampton S, Rabagliati H, Sorace A, Fletcher-Watson S. Autism and bilingualism: A qualitative interview study of parents’ perspectives and experiences. PsyArXiv. 2017. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/76xfs
 Pennisi E. Climate change is killing off soil organisms critical for some of Earth’s ecosystems. Science News. 11 Apr 2022. [accessed 13 Apr 2022] https://www.science.org/content/article/climate-change-killing-soil-organisms-critical-some-earth-s-ecosystems
For articles with eleven or more authors, the first ten authors are listed followed by 'et al.'. When journals use only article numbers, no page numbers are necessary.
 Lin D, Zhang W, Yin H, Hu H, Li Y, Zhang H, Wang L, Xie X, Hu H, Yan Y, et al. Cross-scale synthesis of organic high-𝑘 semiconductors based on spiro-gridized nanopolymers. Research. 2022;2022:9820585.
Each submission to Research must be accompanied by Licenses to Publish and Conflict of Interest forms completed by each author prior to acceptance. Image Permission forms are required as needed for re-use of any third-party created figure, image, or other asset; permission is only needed if the copyright holder is not an author on the paper.
These forms need to be completed prior to manuscript acceptance. They do not need to be completed prior to submission.
Documents may be printed out, signed, and scanned or signed using an electronic signature. Once completed, please upload the files into Editorial Manager alongside your manuscript files.
Research content is Open Access, published under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) on a continuous basis. This means that content is freely available to all readers upon publication and content is published as soon as production is complete. Science and Technology Review Publishing House holds an exclusive license to the content, the author(s) hold copyright and retain the right to publish. Visit our FAQ page for information on re-use.
Appeals will be considered on a case by case basis and must be submitted in writing to the editorial office ([email protected]). Appeals on the basis on novelty or scope are not likely to be granted.